top of page

Understanding Fertility Treatments: IUI, IVF, and IVI

Navigating the journey to parenthood can be complex, especially when you encounter the various fertility acronyms like IVI, IUI, and IVF. These stand for intravaginal insemination, intrauterine insemination, and in vitro fertilization respectively, and they are common paths many take when trying to conceive (TTC).

It can be quite a task to sift through all the information and decide which method suits your needs best. Don’t worry — we’re here to demystify these procedures for you. Remember to always consult your healthcare provider if natural conception is challenging.

Exploring Artificial Insemination Techniques

Artificial insemination is a broad term for when sperm is introduced to the uterus, cervix, or vagina by means other than sexual intercourse. The two primary techniques are Intravaginal Insemination (IVI) and Intrauterine Insemination (IUI).

Intravaginal Insemination (IVI) involves placing sperm inside the vagina using a syringe. This can be done comfortably at home and should be timed with your fertile window to increase the chances of success.

Intrauterine Insemination (IUI), on the other hand, is a bit more involved, requiring a medical professional to place sperm directly into the uterus. This is often paired with fertility medications and is timed to coincide with ovulation.

Breaking Down IVI, IUI, and IVF

While both IVI and IUI involve placing sperm within the reproductive system, IVF takes a different route. In IVF, eggs are harvested from the ovaries, fertilized with sperm in a lab, and the resulting embryos are transferred to the uterus.

Analyzing the Pros and Cons

Intravaginal Insemination (IVI) is the most straightforward and cost-effective option but is limited by less medical intervention. In Vitro Fertilization (IVF), while the most invasive and pricey, may be necessary in situations where other methods aren’t viable, such as severe tubal damage or significant sperm concerns.

IUI falls between IVI and IVF, serving as a medically-assisted option that many try first. Prior to any procedure, doctors typically conduct a thorough assessment to understand any underlying issues.

People often approach TTC with a “leveling up” strategy, starting with the simplest and least expensive methods before considering more invasive options.

Comparing Costs

The cost of IUI and IVF can vary widely based on insurance coverage and additional medical expenses. An IUI procedure might range from $400 to $3,000, not including medication, whereas IVF can range from $10,000 to $50,000, with medication adding to the cost. Shopping around and even considering treatment abroad can be options for those looking for more affordable care.

For Intravaginal Insemination (IVI), the primary cost is the home insemination kit, with possible additional expenses if using a known donor.

Success Rate Insights

Success rates for each method are averages and can be influenced by various factors such as age, medication, and underlying medical conditions. While statistics can provide a benchmark, it’s crucial to remember that every individual’s journey is unique.

Studies suggest that IVI has a success rate of around 37.9% after 6 cycles, and IUI has a success rate of 40.5% over the same period. IVF success rates fluctuate more significantly with age, with younger women having a higher chance of success.

Final Thoughts

Every TTC journey is distinctive, and what works for one may not work for another. We hope this overview has clarified the options available to you. Should you need any further support, don’t hesitate to visit We’re rooting for you as you move forward in creating your family!


bottom of page