1. Unexplained weight gain is one of the most common signs that you may have Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome (PCOS). If your diet and exercise regime remain the same, but you are still gaining weight, this could be a sign of PCOS. Weight gain in PCOS typically occurs around the waist area, making it an “apple shape” rather than a “pear shape”.
2. Irregular or absent menstruation is another symptom of PCOS, as ovulation does not occur regularly due to cysts on the ovaries. Generally women with PCOS will experience fewer periods than normal, longer cycles between periods, or even no period at all for months at a time.
3. Excessive hair growth is another common symptom of PCOS, and is due to the hormonal imbalance which results from cysts on the ovaries. Unwanted hair can appear on areas such as the face, chest and abdomen and also known as hirsutism.
4. Acne is a result of an increase in male hormones (androgens) that happen with PCOS. Women with PCOS typically experience acne outbreaks in places such as their neck, chin, back and chest areas for longer than normal durations or even continuously.
5. Difficulty conceiving is another sign of PCOS due to irregular ovulation from cysts on the ovaries causing infertility issues for women trying to conceive. Women with PCOS typically have difficulty getting pregnant and may require medical help such as IVF or fertility medications to become pregnant.
6. Thinning hair on the scalp is also a sign of PCOS, due to an increase in androgen hormone levels, resulting in male-pattern baldness for some women with PCOS. This symptom can be distressing for many women, but it is typically treated by taking certain types of medications prescribed by a doctor. PCOS can cause a variety of symptoms, including irregular menstrual periods, difficulty getting pregnant, hirsutism (excessive facial or body hair growth in a man's pattern), thinning hair, acne, and acanthosis nigricans (dark patches on the skin). Other less common signs may include weight gain or obesity, male-pattern baldness, anxiety or depression, fatigue and sleep problems. It is important to get an accurate diagnosis for PCOS so that appropriate treatment can be started. Treatment may involve lifestyle changes such as dietary modifications and regular exercise as well as medications prescribed by a doctor to manage hormones and reduce symptoms. Regardless of the type of treatment recommended for your condition, it is important to speak with your healthcare provider regarding all of your options. With the right care and support, many women are able to manage their symptoms and lead healthy lives. References:
4. https://www.verywellfamily.com/ 5. https://parade.com/1003006/ericasweeney/what-is-pcos/
6. https://www.acog.org 7. https://www.thewomens.org.au/news/polycystic-ovary-syndrome-guidelines-welcomed
15. https://www.womenshealthnetwork.com/faqs/what-are-the-symptoms-of -polycystic ovarian syndrome /
16. https://shcs.ucdavis.edu/blog/signs-and -symptoms -of–polycystic ovarian syndrome /
18. https://www.betterhealth.vic.gov.au/health/conditionsandtreatments/polycysticovarian syndrome -pcos
19. https://www.womenshealthnetwork.com/faqs /what -are -the -symptoms –polycystic ovarian syndrome /